Dr. Winter draws on Taylor’s (2018) concept of the “Embedded Infosphere” (EI) to discuss key challenges and opportunities arising from the emerging array of ubiquitous embedded information technologies which collect, store, process, learn from, and exploit information about all aspects of our lives. The EI binds together the Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data analytics, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence (AI) into a single, integrated system. Each component raises policy issues, but the bigger challenge may be unintended adverse consequences arising from their synchronous operation. Dr. Winter will discuss each of these components and provide a detailed discussion of new governance issues emerging. Further, she will explain how their continued growth expansion across borders magnifies the emerging governance problems already inherent in each component.
Jenifer Sunrise Winter is a Professor in the School of Communications and Co-Director of the Pacific Information and Communication Technology for Development Collaborative (PICTDC) at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Her research addresses data governance, policy, and ethics related to big data, artificial intelligence (AI), and the Internet of Things (IoT). Dr. Winter is PI of an NSF-funded grant addressing one of the grand challenges of this big data era—how we can harness health data resources for societal good amidst many competing claims on the value to be derived from these data and the substantial risks for individual privacy and security. Dr. Winter also explores the governance of AI and personal health information (PHI), assessing the increasing challenges to governing the PHI essential for advancing AI/machine learning innovations in healthcare. She has participated in several U.S. National Science Foundation events related to privacy and cybersecurity (via the Team for Research in Ubiquitous Secure Technology). She is Associate Editor of the Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society and Co-Chair of the Research Committee at the Pacific Telecommunications Council. Her research has advanced understanding of big data governance, broadening the discussion from the important, but limited, issues of privacy and security to better understand the wide range of values underlying big data and related technologies, and providing analytic tools to harness these developments for the public good. From 2013 to 2019, Dr. Winter served as the Graduate Chair of the School of Communications, and she is now the Chair of the interdisciplinary Communication and Information Sciences PhD program.